06 Oct 2016
featured image, illustrated roof- A roofing element part of Northshore Exterior's Exteriors 101 series

No matter if you have shingles or metal roofing, there are actually a lot of parts to a roof.  All of these roofing elements have names too.  While it’s not imperative that you know all the names of roof parts, some clients really like to know – and it just so happens we love to educate.

While this list is not exhaustive, it gives you a sense of some of the more common roofing terms.  Consider it the basic anatomy of a roof that’s already built.  There won’t, however, be a test later.

Some of the photographs and illustrations below have been tinted or shaded blue to help clarify the roofing element pictured.

chimney-cricket-round

Cricket

Cricket – (Also called saddle) small peaked area behind a chimney designed to prevent water and debris from accumulating at the chimney.

Illustration of a Dormer - A roofing element part of Northshore Exterior's Exteriors 101 series

         Dormer

 

Dormer – A structure that extends vertically beyond the plane of pitched roof.  The most common version is a gabled dormer (pictured here) but is one of nearly a dozen types.

photograph of a drip edge - A roofing element part of Northshore Exterior's Exteriors 101 series

Drip Edge (black)

 

Drip edge – A piece of metal, plastic or vinyl that is located at the eaves end of the roof to protect the fascia from water damage.

Illustration of Eaves - A roofing element part of Northshore Exterior's Exteriors 101 series

        Eaves

 

Eaves – The edges of a roof, extending beyond the wall face and can functionally protect wall and foundation from water runoff and even the sun’s rays, depending on the design.

Illustration of a Fascia - A roofing element part of Northshore Exterior's Exteriors 101 series

Fascia

 

Fascia – The trim that caps the rafters and supports rain gutters if installed.

Illustration of Flashing - A roofing element part of Northshore Exterior's Exteriors 101 series

Flashing

 

Flashing – Materials used to waterproof the seams and joints of a roof.  Found along walls, sills, valleys and structures that extend above the roof plane such as chimneys.

Illustration of a Gables - A roofing element part of Northshore Exterior's Exteriors 101 series

Gables

 

Gable – Triangle shaped wall between two intersecting pitched roof sections.

hip-2

Hip

 

Hip – Shaped like one side of a pyramid, a roof plane that is triangle shaped, and slopes up to meet two adjoining pitched roof sections.

rake

Rake

 

Rake – The trim that runs from the peak of a gabled roof down to the eaves.

 

roof-ridge

Ridge

Ridge – The peak intersection of a pitched roof.

 

ridge-vent

Ridge Vent

Ridge Vent – An important feature in a roof design, allowing heat and moisture to escape an attic.

sheathing

Sheathing

 

Sheathing – Also known as decking, the panels that roofing material is affixed to which covers the rafters.

soffit

Soffit

 

Soffit – Horizontal finish extending between the end of the eaves and the exterior of the wall. Often metal, but also vinyl or wood, should be vented for proper air flow.

underlayment

Underlayment

 

Underlayment – A felt or synthetic layer placed between the decking and the roofing material designed to provide a moisture barrier for the roof deck.

valley

Valley

 

Valley – The intersection formed by two sloping roof planes

 

Got more questions?  Give us a call!

In addition to our preoccupation with detail and unsurpassed quality, we really were founded with the heart of a teacher.  When you are ready, give us a call.  We can come take a look, and help you understand your options, as well as help navigate an insurance process if applicable.

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